The Global Food Crisis: A Dual Challenge

Food is a fundamental necessity for all living beings. However, the world faces a dual challenge: while some regions suffer from food scarcity, others grapple with food wastage and contamination.

Food Scarcity and Wastage

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), approximately 805 million people worldwide do not have enough food to lead a healthy, active life. This is about one in nine people on Earth. In d contrast, wealthy nations waste around 220 million tonnes of food annually. Per capita, consumers in Europe and North America waste between 95 and 115 kilograms of food each year, while in Sub-Saharan Africa and South/Southeast Asia, the figure is between 6 and 11 kilograms per capita (FAO).
The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906

The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 was a landmark legislation enacted by the United States Congress to combat food adulteration. This act laid the foundation for modern food safety regulations, emphasizing the need for pure and unadulterated food.
The Menace of Food Adulteration

Food adulteration involves the deliberate addition of inferior or harmful substances to food products. This practice is more prevalent in developing countries but is not entirely absent in developed nations.
Common Adulteration Practices

Mixing Substances for Profit: Some unscrupulous individuals mix cheap substances with food products to increase profits. For example, sand is sometimes mixed with salt, and animal blood is added to tea to enhance its color.
Poor Hygiene in Restaurants and Shops: Inadequate cleaning practices can lead to food contamination by insects, rats, and other pests.
Inadequate Processing Systems: Poor treatment during food processing can lead to contamination. Norovirus, for instance, is a leading cause of foodborne illness, affecting about 20 million people annually in the U.S. alone (CDC).
Pesticide Residues: Vegetables and fruits sprayed with pesticides can pose significant health risks if not properly washed before consumption.
Hazardous Chemical Additives: Ready-made

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